Probably the greatest threats to the park are agricultural
encroachment, poaching and illegal logging. In a IUCN survey, reported by the BBC, large numbers of mammals Word-wide, but especially
Asian primates, are at risk of extinction, with the biggest threat being loss of habitat, including deforestation. The WWF has stated that more than 1,000 species new to science, including mammals, reptiles and invertebrates, have been recorded in South-East
Asia's Greater Mekong region over the past decade, but are now under
threat. Find the Park on Google Earth (go to: 11°25'24"N 107°25'43"E)
and you will be able to make out the two halves of the park as "islands
of green" in an increasingly denuded landscape. To the south-west, Nam Cat Tien is contiguous with the Dong Nai Culture and Nature Reserve, thus providing an uninterupted range for wildlife - especially larger mammals.
Keeping waterways clean is just one of the essential environmental services that tropical forests provide. The Dong Nai river also serves as a moat: that helps to protect the Park from poachers and illegal loggers.
Hills adjacent to the park cleared of trees for
the many threats are illegal logging (both adjacent to and within
the Park and poaching of wildlife. Although illegal and damaging, these problems
are of course driven by rural poverty ...
logging: near the Park boundary (top) and within the park: logging
near the river and animal trapping
... protecting the land by contributing
to its value is therefore the most viable solution: and must
involve the local people to bring this about.
Initiatives (more here)
tree replanting projects include:
by the World Wildlife
Fund (WWF), projects include surveying
the small population of Javan rhinoceros - a 'flagship activity', widely associated with the park. However, this is only a small part of Cat Tien's story: conservation of the
whole forest habitat must be the overall goal. The greater Cat Tien
park is home to about 40 IUCN Red List species, and probably helps to protects around 30% of Vietnam's rarest organisms.
a higher level, major strategies for conserving wildlife include: